Add two new food dishes
Start by placing a few extra food dishes in your bird’s cage. Put one next to your bird’s highest perch, typically where they sleep. Place the second food dish lower in the cage where you would normally feed your bird. This method involves converting a bird to a new pellet-based diet as part of a feeding routine they anticipate and recognize. It is appropriate for birds of all sizes, breeds, and ages but may work best for more easy-going birds that enjoy eating treats and that are not stressed by change.
- Be sure to place the new pelleted food in dishes your bird is familiar with and at locations in the cage they normally sit to eat and perches frequently.
- Always make sure your Parrot has access to fresh, clean water; some birds will drink more during the conversion process.
Add the new pelleted food
Each of the new dishes should contain the new pelleted food. The idea is to provide your bird with repeated exposure to the new food at multiple locations in the cage so that they have several chances to try the food as they maneuver up and down the cage. Birds don’t always recognize pellets as food, and they may even be afraid of pellets initially; so, the more frequently your bird encounters the new food, the more comfortable they may become with it.
- If, after several days, your Parrot shows no interest in the bowls of pelleted food in the locations you initially place them, try moving them around slightly inside the cage to see if you can stimulate their interest.
- Pellets should remain in the cage at all times; they should be freshened daily, especially if they become wet or soiled.
Keep a small portion of old food
Place a third dish containing a small portion of the old food in the cage. The idea is to continue to offer your bird a very small portion of old food as you try to get them comfortable with the new food to ensure that they are eating something as they transition to pellets.
- Be sure to offer only a small portion of old food so that your Parrot doesn’t fill up on it and is not hungry enough to try the new food.
- Place the small portion of old food in a familiar dish but in a location your bird doesn’t typically spend a great deal of time eating or perching.
- Even when you offer the small portion of old food, do not take out the dishes of new food; your bird should be continuously exposed to the new food even when a small portion of old food is present.
Provide a midday treat
In the middle of the day, give your bird a treat they really enjoy, like a few bites of fresh fruit, fresh veggies or a small portion of cooked food. This treat needs to be something you know your bird will readily eat.
While this method may be “tougher” love than some other methods of pellet conversion, your bird still gets a favorite treat from you, so they know you still love them.
- Do not give excessive amounts of the treat so that the bird fills up on it and has no incentive to graze on the pellets located throughout the cage.
- Be sure not to offer the treat at any other time, inside or outside the cage, so that the treat is extra special.
- Pick a treat that you know your Parrot adores and would never refuse; if you are not sure what that is, try a variety of fruits, vegetables, or cooked pasta, lean meat, or egg. Many birds simply love these special table foods, but just like people, birds have preferences when it comes to treats.
- Never leave moist treats, like fruits and vegetables, in the cage for more than a couple of hours, or they can spoil and grow yeast and bacteria which can infect your bird if they consume the spoiled food.
- To further encourage your Parrot to try the new pellets, use a hammer to grind up a small amount of the pellets in a plastic bag into a powder. Then roll the bite of treat food, moistened with water, through the powdered pellets, and feed the powder-coated treat to your bird to encourage them to taste the pellets as they eat the treat.
Stop the old food in the morning
Once you have established this routine for a few days, stop giving them the old food in the morning, so the only food they have available in the morning is the new food. Even when you take away the morning serving of old food, your bird still anticipates receiving their favorite treat in the middle of the day.
The idea is to gradually eliminate the old food from the diet as your bird consumes more of the new pellets each day. Without receiving the morning serving of old food, your Parrot will likely get hungrier through the morning and be more apt to consume the new pellets.
- Do not rush to take away the morning serving of old food until you are certain that your bird is consuming a significant number of pellets; this may take some birds days to weeks.
- If you see that your bird is consuming pellets more from one bowl than from another, keep the pellet bowl in the preferred location stocked with fresh pellets all day long.
Continue this routine
Continue this routine for a few days. Don’t rush this step; you want to allow your bird to acclimate to the new, once a day-old food routine before you make another change. Birds adapt better to change when it is made slowly rather than overnight. This step may take days to weeks to reach; all birds are different.
Stop the old food in the evening
Next, take away the old food in the evening. By this point, most birds are readily eating the new food. Reaching this last step in which you eliminate all old food, feeding your Parrot only pellets and treats, can take weeks; don’t rush, and go at the pace your bird seems to respond to.
- Before you take away the evening serving of old food, be sure your bird is consuming an adequate number of pellets each day.
- Ideally, to ensure that your Parrot is consuming an adequate number of pellets each day, get a scale that weighs in grams, and weigh your bird each morning, before they eat; track your bird’s weight over the course of the conversion.
- Birds converting to pellets, especially if they have been eating high-fat seeds and nuts, initially may lose a few grams – sometimes up to 10% of their body weight. This is because pellets generally have less fat than seeds and nuts.
- If your bird loses more than 10% of their body weight when converting to pellets, or they seem weak or lethargic, contact an avian veterinarian immediately.
- Another way to be sure your bird is eating enough when they convert to pellets is to count their droppings each day by placing a sheet of paper towel on the cage bottom where the droppings fall. The paper towel makes it easier to see each dropping.
- Your bird should produce several droppings a day (at least one every few hours, depending on what they are eating) as they transition to pellets; if you are not seeing this many droppings, especially if your Parrot is thin to begin with, contact an avian veterinarian to see whether he or she wants you to extend the length of the conversion process as your bird gradually makes the transition.
- The consistency of the droppings may change once your bird is consuming mostly pellets; they may be softer and moist. There is no cause for concern if you see these changes, as long as your Parrot is eating and active. If you see changes in droppings’ consistency, and your bird appears weak or lethargic, contact an avian veterinarian.
- Don’t be surprised if you offer a multi-colored pellet, and your bird selects out certain colors they prefers while leaving over colors they are't interested in; this is a common behavior and not a cause for concern.
- Birds selecting out a certain color of pellets may have droppings of that color; once again, this is not a cause for concern, as long as they are eating.
To be the first to read blogs like this, plus exclusive offers and the latest Parrot news, sign up to our newsletter. If you have a friend who you think may find this useful, feel free to share